Many biblical scholars who frequented the Dead Sea region during the 19th century favored a location for the Cities of the Plain northeast of the Dead Sea. They did so based on clear statements in Genesis 13:1- 12 as to their location on the Kikkar of the Jordan. Once they had visited the entire region, it became obvious to geographical thinkers like H.B. Tristram that the Cities of the Plain belonged to the Jordan Valley proper, not the southern end of the Dead Sea.
The Madaba Mosaic Map indicates a prominent but unnamed site near the upper-left edge, just above the Jordan River. Various attempts have been made to identify it with Tall Iktanu, Tall Kefrein, Tall Nimrin, Tall Rama, and Khirbet Sweimeh. This article demonstrates that the better candidate for this site is Tall el-Hammam which boasts superior size, perfect location, abundant water, and Early Roman/Byzantine remains.