Biblical Research Bulletin

The Academic Journal of Trinity Southwest University


Biblical Research Bulletin (BRB) is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal published by Trinity Southwest University. Because BRB encourages interaction among scholars from diverse backgrounds, the views expressed in a given article may or may not represent the views of the faculty or administration of Trinity Southwest University. Biblical Research Bulletin is copyrighted by Trinity Southwest University, with all rights reserved.


Biblical Studies

Biblical Studies Old Testament


biblical Archaeology

Chronological Methods

  • A Chronology for the Cities of the Plain


    A Chronology for the Cities of the Plain

    by Steve Collins PhD

    Biblically, the timeframe for the existence of the Cities of the Plain ranges from the early patriarchal period of Genesis 10 to the time of Abram and Lot in Genesis 13-19. Taken at face value, the biblical chronology would thus require the Cities of the Plain to exist during the Middle Bronze Age. Southern Dead Sea sites such as Bab edh-Dhra and Numeira belonged to the Early Bronze Age, and were destroyed hundreds of years before the time of Abram. This is problematic for the identification of these two southern sites as Sodom and Gomorrah.

  • Tall el-Hammam Is Still Sodom: Critical Data-Sets Cast Serious Doubt on E.H. Merrill’s Chronological Analysis


    Tall el-Hammam Is Still Sodom: Critical Data-Sets Cast Serious Doubt on E.H. Merrill’s Chronological Analysis

    by Steven Collins PhD

    In this article, S. Collins responds to an article by E.H. Merrill published in the Autumn 2012 issue of Artifax magazine titled Texts, Talls, and Old Testament Chronology: Tall el-Hammam as a Case Study.” Merrill rejects Collins identification of Tall el-Hammam as Sodom because the date of its destruction is too late (between 1750 and 1650 BCE) to conform to Merrill s early placement of Abr(ah)am, ca. 2166- 1991 BCE. While Merrill takes a literal, base-10, arithmetic approach to the patriarchal numbers in Gene- sis, Collins suggests that every available line of evidence from ANE archaeology, history, culture, litera- ture, climatology, and socio-economics demonstrates that the patriarchs fit best in the period following 1800 BCE, which also conforms to the terminal MB2 destruction of Hammam/Sodom.

  • The Length of the Israelite Sojourn in Egypt


    The Length of the Israelite Sojourn in Egypt

    by Steven Collins PhD

    If one adopts the short sojourn scenario (Jacob to Moses is approximately 215 years), then numerous conclusions about biblical chronology and its correspondence with ancient Near Eastern history and archaeology, which are based on a 430-year Israelite sojourn in Egypt, must be abandoned.


biblical Geography

Submitting articles

information, research & perspective
for theology & religious studies

Biblical Research Bulletin is published in annual volumes, beginning with Volume I in the year 2001. Thus, for example, any article published in the year 2007 belongs to Volume VII. Articles published in an annual volume are numbered serially with Arabic numerals (example: “5”). Therefore, for citation purposes, a given article would appear by Author, “Title,” Biblical Research Bulletin, followed by Vol. VII No. 5 (2008) or simply VII.5 (2008), depending on the academic format used.

BRB is a universal access journal, and requires no subscription. However, users must follow all utilization and citation instructions contained on the cover page of each article published herein. Please refer to the cover sheet of any BRBarticle or book review for these details.

BRB’s Magazine section includes articles and other items of interest that are written in a more casual, popular style, but are of interest to both scholars and lay-readers. BRB also publishes book reviews. To access an article or book review, click on the selected category above. Then click on the article/review you wish to read. Each is a simple pdf file. Articles are organized by discipline, then by subject sub-category, then alphabetically by author.

How to Submit an Article

BRB is an open journal. As such, individual articles are published as they are approved by the Editorial Committee. Articles are published in pdf format on the BRB website. They are made available to the academic community and the public at-large without charge. While issues of BRB are copyrighted by Trinity Southwest University, the content of individual articles/reviews remains the intellectual property of the author(s).

Your submission to BRB confirms that you have read the contents of this page carefully, and that you explicitly grant BRBthe right to publish your article/review for an indefinite period of time as deemed appropriate by the Editorial Committee.

If your article/review is accepted for publication, a member of the BRB Editorial Committee will contact you by email, usually within six weeks of your submission.

Prepare your article/review and supporting information package in accordance with the guidelines below.

Submit your article/review and supporting information package as email attachments to .

BRB Article and Review Guidelines

1. Submissions must be made in Microsoft Word format (.doc) or, if that is not possible, submissions may be made in Rich-Text Format (.rtf).

2. Submitted document files may not exceed 3MB in size, except in rare cases approved by the Editorial Committee (EC).

3. Write your article or review using a standard journal or academic format. BRB editors recommend use of the SBL Manual of Style, but other formats (Turabian, APA, or MLS) are acceptable, even with appropriate modifications.

4. Use one-inch margins on all sides.

5. Use charts, graphs, figures and photographs sparingly. Photos should be in jpg format.

Supporting Information Package Guidelines

1. Provide a one-paragraph biography that includes relevant academic credentials, research, publications, professional associations, etc. (this information is for EC use only, and will not be published with the article).

2. Provide a one-paragraph abstract of your article or review.

3. Provide a statement clarifying whether the article/review is previously unpublished, published, revised, or modified. Provide detailed publication information if it is a previously published piece, along with your statement that you have the appropriate rights/approvals to allow publication of said piece in BRB.

4. If applicable, provide details on any special instructions that may apply to publication.

Your Cart