The Kikkar Dialogues is the second title to be released in the new Research & Discovery Series by TSU Press. This book presents a record of the dialogues between Dr. Steven Collins and other archaeologists, scholars and the critics of his identification of Tall el-Hammam as Sodom.
If one adopts the short sojourn scenario (Jacob to Moses is approximately 215 years), then numerous conclusions about biblical chronology and its correspondence with ancient Near Eastern history and archaeology, which are based on a 430-year Israelite sojourn in Egypt, must be abandoned.
This paper proves that TNRs are the only representations that are (1) relatively determinate with respect to their embodied meanings, (2) well-connected to the matter-space-time continuum, and (3) fully generalizable to all possible contexts (real or imagined) with respect to their relatively well-determined content. It follows that if the Bible is a TNR, then the genuine facts of history cannot contradict it, nor it them. If TNR-theory is correct, it is possible, as a result, to set subjects such as hermeneutics and biblical archaeology on a strictly logical footing.
This volume is a reformatted printing of the Ph.D. dissertation of Phillip James Silvia for Trinity Southwest University in Albuquerque, New Mexico. It is a scientific study of the occupation history of the Middle Ghor, the nearly circular plain that lies just north of the Dead Sea in the Great Rift Valley. This study documents the existence of a major urban center (Tall el-Hammam) from the Chalcolithic Period through Middle Bronze Age (roughly 4600 to 1650 BCE) and significant human presence distributed across multiple nearby sites that came to a sudden and violent end, leaving the area unoccupied for 600-700 years. Evidence is presented to support the author’s hypotheses that the source of destruction was a meteoritic airburst event, and that the cause of the extended occupational hiatus was depletion of the topsoil and poisoning of the remaining subsoil with Dead Sea salts by the airburst. Although it was not the author’s purpose in presenting this data to defend the Biblical story of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities of the plain, the evidence, analyses and conclusions presented in this volume clearly support the claim of Dr. Steven Collins that Tall el-Hammam is Sodom.
Hundreds of works dealing with Noah’s flood have appeared over the last century. This present volume by Dr John Leslie, however, rises to the top. While the physical evidences presented in The Noah Flood Account as a True Narrative Representation appear in other resources, the outstanding and unique feature of Dr. Leslie’s book is the examination of the subject using the TNR (true narrative representation) theory of Dr. John Oller, revealing that the biblical flood story possesses all the characteristics of a TNR: determinancy, connectedness, and generalizability. Ollerian TNR linguistic theory is based on incontrovertible logic, and has the analytic capacity to assess the differences between TNRs, fictions, and lies. In his application of TNR theory, Dr. Leslie has powerfully argued that the Noah narrative arose from the physical reality of the event itself in remote antiquity. Linguistically, the Noah flood account is not fiction. This is a quantum leap for those continuing to explore the subject!
Award-winning author Latayne C. Scott examines some of Jesus’s most compelling teachings. On one level, the parables of Jesus seem like simple stories. But like diamond mines, like mirrors, they reveal hidden insights about how to be an authentic Christian and the strength to do it daily. This book contains daily readings, interactive group and individual exercises, and helps for leaders.
The Search for Sodom and Gomorrah is the first title to be released in the new Research & Discovery Series by TSU Press. In this book you will find a valuable collection of the geographical, chronological, and archaeological research leading to the discovery of the infamous Cities of the Plain, and the ongoing explorations and excavations led by Dr. Collins and his American/Jordanian team of archaeologists and experts.
by Steven Collins, Carroll M. Kobs & Michael C. Luddeni
The Tall al-Hamman Excavations, Volume 1 is the first in a series of reports on the Tall al-Hammam Excavation Project, directed by Steven Collins of Trinity Southwest University and assisted by Gary Byers and Carroll Kobs, assistant dig directors. Co-author Mike Luddeni has been dig photographer since the inception of the Project. Excavations began in Jordan in 2005 2006 and have continued annually, without break, up to the present. This volume presents an overview of the site, with a period-by-period overview of Tall al-Hammam and its relationship to other sites in the vicinity in the Jordan Valley. It also includes the pottery profiles and assemblages and artifacts discovered in the course of these seasons. Future volumes will include in-depth excavation reports for specific areas of the Tall.
It is the purpose of this study to suggest a placement of the Old Testament Exodus/Conquest narratives alongside a corresponding segment of Egyptian history during the Eighteenth Dynasty, whereupon an optimal number of historical synchronisms are realized.
Two archaeological sites have been proposed for the biblical city of Sodom Bab edh-Dhra and Tall el-Hammam. Both locations have evidence of fiery destruction, both have smaller towns nearby, and both are near the Dead Sea. But there are significant differences between these two sites, and each site has its passionate defenders. This article examines both of these archaeological sites by asking four questions. How does each site fit with the text of Gene- sis? Are there traditions that help locate Sodom? Does the date of the occupation and destruction favor one site? And, what does the archeological evidence reveal? The author concludes that Tall el-Hammam is the best candidate for biblical Sodom. But this conclusion has major ramifications. If Tall el-Hammam is Sodom, then our assumptions about how the ancients used numbers must be reexamined. But it also opens up great new vistas for biblical research into the times of the patriarchs. We will be able to know more about how Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph lived, and we will be able to understand and teach the biblical text with greater accuracy and authority.
In this article, S. Collins responds to an article by C.E. Billington published in the Spring 2012 issue ofArtifax magazine titled “Tall el-Hammam is Not Sodom.” Billington rejects Collins’ identification of Tall el-Hammam as Sodom because the date of its destruction is too late (between 1750 and 1650 BCE) to conform to Billington’s early placement of Abr(ah)am, ca. 2166-1991 BCE. He also attempts to support a more southern location for Sodom via textual geography. Finally, Billington suggests that Tall el- Hammam is perhaps a ‘western’ Heshbon. Collins refutes these ideas as categorically untenable.